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"Gangnam Style" is a single released by South Korean rapper Psy on July 15, 2012. It has achieved widespead international recognition and became the most viewed YouTube video with almost a billion views. Gangnam Style's unprecedented worldwide popularity was acknowledged by YouTube, who called it a "massive" hit at a global level "unlike anything we've ever seen before" while Billboard noted that "Gangnam Style" was nothing short of a pop culture phenomenon.[1] As a result, it has influenced worldwide popular culture in many aspects.

Film Edit

Television Edit

  • During VH1's Big Morning Buzz Live show, the television host Carrie Keagan told the audience that everyone in her office is "completely obsessed" with the dance moves of "Gangnam Style", which she later performed with Jason Dundas.[3][4]
  • South Korean boy band Shinhwa also showed their interests in "Gangnam Style" (especially lead vocalist Shin Hye Sung) with the members dancing to the "horse-riding choreography" repeatedly on episode 24 of their own variety show "SHINHWA Broadcast", which was aired by JTBC.[5]
  • During the late night comedy talk show Chelsea Lately, the American stand-up comedian and actress Chelsea Handler told the audience she considers Psy to be a "revolutionary musician, dancer and sex symbol". She also compared him with the Latino pop singer Ricky Martin.[6]
  • The Tonight Show with Jay Leno has presented several jokes involving the dance. On August 31, Leno showed parody video footage of US presidential candidate Mitt Romney, who made his entrance at the Republican National Convention "Gangnam Style".[7] The October 8 "Headlines" segment started with the fake headline "Joe Biden will debate Paul Ryan 'Gangnam Style'.".[8] On October 25, the day after Barack Obama's appearance, Leno shows parody footage of a KTLA news story about Obama on ABC's Dancing with the Stars dancing to the song with another contestant.[9]
  • Big Brother Australia created a commercial with the housemates dancing to "Gangnam Style" to promote the 2012 series.[10] It was danced again on the series finalé on 7 November 2012 by the ex-housemates with a taped recording of Psy appearing to announce the start of the performance.[11][12]
  • The Pakistani telecommunication company ZONG created a mobile phone network advertisement in which actors were seen performing Gangnam dance moves. The advertisement also loosely imitated some scenes from the original Gangnam style music video.[15][16]
  • The Mexican television series, Sabadazo, aired by Televisa, uses "Gangnam Style" as the series' theme song. The show also features a parody of the dance itself, named Sabadazo Style, which is danced differently than the actual "Gangnam Style" dance.
  • In the German television show Wetten, dass..? broadcasted by ZDF, the television host Markus Lanz challenged the city of Bremen to find 100 residents willing to dance "Gangnam Style" on stage, which the city eventually completed just before the end of the programme.[20][21]
  • In the British television show Strictly Come Dancing, the contestants with their partners as well as the judges and presenters danced to "Gangnam Style" on the Halloween Show.[22]
  • The retired Brazilian footballer Ronaldo danced "Gangnam Style" during the Brazilian TV show "Medida Certa Ronaldo Fenomeno" as part of his weight loss programme,[23] prompting sports journalist Michael Cummings of Bleacher Report to write that "Gangnam Style" is already "out of style a few weeks ago", but Ronaldo is now jumping onto the "bandwagon" like everyone else.[24]

Flash mobs and folk culture Edit

Main article: Gangnam Style phenomenon#Flash mobs
File:Children dancing to Gangnam Style.jpg

The earliest "Gangnam Style" flash mobs were held in Pasadena, California,[25] and Sydney, Australia.[26] On September 12, Times Square in Manhattan was filled with a flash mob dancing to the music of "Gangnam Style" during ABC's Good Morning America.[27] Five days later, Psy appeared in a flash mob organized by the American entertainment TV show Extra in Los Angeles. The dress code was either "something comfortable" or "Psy-inspired clothing."[28] A "Gangnam Style" flash mob in front of the Obelisco de Buenos Aires national monument in Argentina was shown on the national news programme Antes del Mediodía.[29]

In the Siberian region of Kemerovo, residents dressed themselves in costumes designed to look like the ape-like creature Bigfoot and danced "Gangnam Style" to celebrate and mark the birthday of Bigfoot.[30] The state-funded television channel Russia Today labelled the celebrations "Yeti-style", a reference to another ape-like creature similar to similar to Bigfoot.[30] In Thailand, officials from the Dan Sai municipality in Loei Province shot a video of people wearing masks and performing "Gangnam Style" during the Phi Ta Khon "ghost" festival. According to the Thai newspaper The Nation, villagers and spiritual leaders from Loei province have felt "uneasy" and also "greatly offended" about this "Gangnam Style" performance which tarnishes the image of a 400 year-old tradition.[31]

Sports Edit

"Gangnam Style" has also made its way into various sporting events:

Association footballEdit

National Football LeagueEdit

[61]

Technology Edit

Robotics Edit

File:Robots dancing Gangnam Style.jpg
  • During the Industrial Summit Forum in Hangzhou, China, one particular robot was programmed to dance "Gangnam Style" and eventually won a dancing competition.[71][72]
  • The Human Interface Technology Laboratory at the University of Canterbury programmed its robots to dance "Gangnam Style" for a "better understanding of human-robot relationships".[73]

Applications and video games Edit

  • In September 2012, app development company Workprint Innovations created an application, Dance Video App, with a collection of Gangnam Style-inspired dancers. Within this collection, users can choose between four Gangnam Style dance situations while capturing video with their iPhones.
  • In October 2012, the video game publisher Ubisoft announced that it had acquired the rights to include "Gangnam Style" into its dance game Just Dance 4, that was released in October 9,2012 on Wii,PS3,Xbox 360, and on November 18,2012 for and with the Wii U.[75]
  • According to Alexander Sliwinski from the video game website Joystiq, "Gangnam Style" will be included as part of downloadable content for the latest installment of the game developer Harmonix's dance franchise Dance Central 3.[76]
  • Konami, a video game developer who publishes sports games inclduing Pro Evolution Soccer 2013, has considered including "Gangnam Style" in its selection of goal celebrations.[77]

Parodies and reaction videos Edit

File:Royal Military College of Canada gagnam style parody.JPG

In Geneva, Switzerland, about 300 people gathered at the International Monument to the Reformation for a parody of "Gangnam Style" organized by a local radio station.[78] According to The Christian Post, "Gangnam Style" was parodied by Inri Cristo, a self-proclaimed reincarnation of Jesus Christ, to attract the public's attention.[79] Another noteworthy parody is "Jerusalem Syndrome Gangnam Style", which is shot at the Old City of Jerusalem and includes important heritage sites such as Mahane Yehuda Market, Western Wall, Zion Square, and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. It also includes a special cameo appearance by the Mayor of Jerusalem Nir Barkat. The Times of Israel described the parody as "a unique Jerusalem twist to the song".[80] The Argentine TV series Graduados made another parody, danced by the Argentine-Korean actor Chang Kim Sung.[81] Obama Gangnam Style![82] is a parody by Barack Obama impersonator Reggie Brown.[83] The musical television series Glee covers the song in their season 4 episode "Thanksgiving" with Jenna Ushkowitz on lead vocals.[84] The rapidly growing popularity and international recognition of "Gangnam Style" has spawned many user generated videos, some of them have received international media recognition, such as:

File:Elevator scene during Gangnam Style flashmob.jpg
  • According to The Wall Street Journal, the Canadian couple Simon and Martina Stawski from the video blog Eatyourkimchi were among the first to review and do a parody of "Gangnam Style" on July 23, 2012,[85] before T-Pain's tweet[86] on July 29 "sent it into the stratosphere."[87]
  • Teens react to Gangnam Style,[88] produced by the Fine Brothers. Jeff Yang of the Wall Street Journal wrote, "Ha ha, the Fine Bros. got around to exposing PSY on their panel of unsuspecting adolescents. Turns out, however, that most of them already listen to K-pop."[89]
  • 'Gangnam Style' Also Calms Fussy Babies, Meredith Bennett-Smith of The Huffington Post wrote, ""Gangnam Style" may have broken a Guinness World Record for being the most "liked" video in online history, but it seems the tune and its "horsey-style" choreography also calms down fussy babies...The first video,[90] which was posted on September 23, has already gone viral, amassing more than 400,000 views. It features Claire, a rather unhappy baby, who only calms down when the Korean pop song is played."[91]
  • Hongdae Style,[92] a parody by Trend Factory, was mentioned by The Wall Street Journal as one of five must-see Gangnam Style response videos.[93]
  • Minecraft Style is a parody of "Gangnam Style" released on October 26, 2012 by Jordan Maron, who goes by the username Captain Sparklez. It received over a million views in its first day of release.[111] It is a shot-by-shot remake of the original "Gangnam Style" using Minecraft,[112] a video game about building with blocks and objects.

China Edit

  • 草泥马 style (literally, "Grass Mud Horse Style"), was uploaded onto YouTube and other Chinese websites by the political activist and dissident Ai Weiwei. In this parody, Ai Weiwei dances "Gangnam Style" with a pair of handcuffs as a symbol of his arrest by Chinese authorities in 2011. According to the Associated Press, goverment authorities had removed the video from almost all Chinese websites the next day.[114][115] In an interview with Reuters, Ai Weiwei remarked, "After we had uploaded it, a few hours later...we found that a lot of people, tens of thousands, had already watched it. Now, in China, it has already been totally removed, deleted entirely, and you can't see it in China".[116]
  • 转账style (literally, "Transfer Style" ), is an anti-scam video produced by local police in Shanghai to raise public awareness of various tools and techniques used by telecom swindlers. According to the Shanghai Daily, "The whole story is reenacted in a humorous manner, similar to South Korean phenom Psy's global hit". The newspaper also wrote that this particular adaptation of "Gangnam Style" has garnered almost as much attention in China's blogosphere as the original "Gangnam Style" music video.[117][118]
  • 消防style (literally, "Firefighting Style" ), was produced by firefighters from Yulin, Guangxi. A spokesman from Yulin's firefighting department told China News Service that their version of "Gangnam Style" was produced to inform the public about their daily activities, responsibilities, and also to attract more people to join the firefighting service.[119][120]
  • 蚌埠列车员style (literally, "Bengbu Train Conductor Style") is a controversial version of "Gangnam Style" in which a man in train conductor's uniform is seen performing "Gangnam Style" while pointing his middle finger at the camera and spewing vulgarities. Although a significant portion of China's blogosphere described the train conductor as "talented" and "fun", others felt that he had tarnished the image of his occupation.[121] According to the Shanghai Railway Bureau, the train conductor was subsequently suspended from service because of this video.[121]
  • 36中学版江南style (literally, No. 36 Middle High School Gangnam Style) was produced in Dalian, Liaoning, as part of a physical education programme in which almost 1100 students participated.[122]
  • Original Painting is a music video (MV) inspired by "Gangnam Style" and produced by Christopher Doyle and the Chinese singer "Uta". The English language daily newspaper China Daily described it as a "Gangnam Style-like MV".[123]

Europe Edit

Middle East Edit

United States Edit

  • * Gangnam Style – USNA Spirit Spot,[151] by midshipmen from the United States Naval Academy, was reviewed by the British national tabloid newspaper Daily Mail. It wrote, "A lot of work has clearly gone into mimicking Psy's dance moves, which they pull off better than some dubious lip-syncing."[152] A spokesman from the United States Naval Academy said that "The video is creative and humorous, but it also took a lot of planning and teamwork", and added that although it was filmed at the academy and several participants wore their uniforms, the production did not violate any rules or regulations.[153] Commander William Marks, Public Information Officer at the Naval Academy, said that "Even in the demanding environment of the Naval Academy, it's good to see that the midshipmen have struck a chord with the American public".[154]
  • Psy Gangnam Style GW Lacrosse,[155] by members of the women’s lacrosse team from George Washington University, was considered a "solid effort" by Sarah Kogod of The Washington Post.[156]
  • Lifeguard Style, performed by a group of lifeguards from El Monte, California. They were released from official duties after they did a parody of "Gangnam Style" using the city's swimming pool, but were subsequently rehired.[157]
  • Captain Fear and The Tampa Bay Buccaneers Cheerleaders version of PSY's "Gangnam Style"[158] was noted by Ben Chew of NBC Sports because it "even throws in a classic moment featuring Captain Fear pursuing a Tampa Bay cheerleader on the Raymond James pirate ship as she dances rather seductively."[159] Tim McGarry of USA Today speculates whether it will rival the Miami Dolphins Cheerleaders's parody of "Call Me Maybe".[160]
  • The Houston Independent School District staff uploaded a "Gangnam Style" video, which accorinding to Chris Gray from the Houston Press, was produced to encourage the community to vote early.[161]
  • The Oregon Duck – Gangnam Style Parody[162] was featured in USA Today.[163]
  • LIPA Style[164] was produced by John Mingione, a correspondent for the Long Island radio station WBLI. Jilian Mincer from Reuters reported that the parody was created as an answer to the Long Island Power Authority's slow response to restore electricity after residents were cut off without power as a result of the Hurricane Sandy disaster and subsequently sent thousands of complaints to Mingione's WBLI radio station.[165]
  • Obama Gangnam Style![166] is a parody by Barack Obama impersonator Reggie Brown.[167]
  • Jabari Parker Style was produced by four fans of the BYU Cougars men's basketball team. The parody was created in advance of the expected visit of Parker, one of the top basketball recruits of the class of 2013, to the Brigham Young University campus on November 24, 2012.[168]

Popularity among notable people Edit

Politicians Edit

Template:Quote box

File:US State Department Gangnam Style 3 10 2012 mp4.ogv
File:Secretary General Ban Ki moon and PSY Korean singe.ogv

On October 3, 2012, "Gangnam Style" was mentioned during a U.S. State Department briefing when a reporter asked spokeswoman Victoria Nuland if she had heard about the song, to which Nuland replied: "No, but I bet you my daughter does. She loves Korean pop." She also told the international media that she planned to "dial it up" and watch the video.[169]

A few weeks later Nuland described "Gangnam Style" as "fantastic" and added that both her daughter and her husband Robert Kagan "all love the Gangnam Style" and that she had mastered its dance moves by watching the video clip "for weeks and weeks."[170]

On October 9, Boris Johnson, the Mayor of London, held a speech at the 2012 Conservative Party Conference, where he admitted that "Gangnam Style is very good".[171] He talked about the vast variety of exports that originate from London, including television aerials which the Koreans use to watch "Gangnam Style". He also told the audience that he and the British Prime Minister David Cameron have danced "Gangnam Style".[172] A few days before the conference, they performed the dance at Chequers Court in Buckinghamshire. One of the guests who witnessed the dance remarked, "It was uproarious – they [Johnson and Cameron] completely brought the house down".[173]

On October 17, "Gangnam Style" was performed by George Christensen, a member of the Australian House of Representatives.[174] During an interview with the French news agency AFP, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon revealed that he has watched "Gangnam Style" several times. He hailed the song as a " force for world peace" and added that "there are no languages required in the musical world. That is the power of music, that is the power of the heart. Through this promotion of arts we can better understand the culture and civilisations of other people. In this era of instability and intolerance we need to promote better understanding through the power of music."[175]

Congressman John Lewis from the U.S. House of Representatives recently danced "Gangnam Style" to promote voting.[176]

"Gangnam Style" has been used by presidential candidates during elections. Ju-min Park of Reuters mentioned that a few of South Korea's normally staid presidential candidates are imitating Psy's moves in an appeal to voters.[177]

In Chile, the dance was also used by students during massive protests across the country[178] and the Chinese dissident Ai Weiwei, who was detained by Chinese authorities in 2011 for his political activism, danced "Gangnam Style" with a pair of handcuffs as a symbol of his arrest and uploaded a video titled "Grass Mud Horse Style" onto YouTube and other Chinese websites. According to the Associated Press, government authorities had removed the video from most websites the next day.[114][115]

The Colorado Democratic Party celebrated U.S. President Barack Obama's victory at the 2012 U.S. presidential election by dancing "Gangnam Style" during the Denver Democratic watch party.[179]

During his speech in front of the Parliament of Malaysia, the politician Bung Mokhtar Radin drew comparisons between the youth of his country and "Gangnam Style". He remarked "They should be like PSY and Gangnam Style. He, his styles and his group is very popular. Millions of people are watching his video clip, not like our youths…destroying our image of our country and our people."[180]

In Bali, Indonesia, The Committee for Environmental Advocacy staged a protest against the building of a suspended highway connecting Ngurah Rai International Airport with the city by dancing "Gangnam Style".[181][182] In the Philippines, students commemorating the 40th anniversary of the declaration of Martial law in the country danced "Gangnam Style" at Chino Roces Bridge during a protest against the former President Ferdinand Marcos' use of the military during his 14-year dictatorial rule.[183]

The following political leaders have mentioned "Gangnam Style" on social media platforms or through speeches:

Politician Position Quote
Jim Yong Kim President of the
World Bank
I love Gangnam Style, my three-year-old son dances around doing Gangnam Style all the time[184][185]
Song Sang-Hyun President of the
International Criminal Court
Let me apologize in advance if I slightly overstep the conventional time limit allocated to speakers.
I am afraid I could not stay within say, 10 minutes even if I were to speak in Gangnam Style"[186][187]
Barack Obama President of the
Template:Flag
I just saw that video for the first time. I think I can do that move. But I'm not sure that the
inauguration ball is the appropriate time to break that out. Maybe do it privately for Michelle.[188]
Tara Sonenshine Under Secretary of State
for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs
Of course, we all know about Gangnam Style. Well, the man behind it – Psy – went to Boston University and the Berklee College of Music[189]
Lee Hsien Loong Prime Minister of
Template:Flag
Enjoyed this Singaporean parody of “Gangnam Style”, produced for Children’s Day.[190][191]
Najib Razak Prime Minister of
Template:Flag
Been hearing about Gangnam Style all of last week, even in the news.
What's your view that makes it so popular?
[192]

The following political leaders, Congressmen and Members of Paliament have performed the dance moves of "Gangnam Style" at various locations:

Politician Position Location of "Gangnam Style" performance
Ban Ki-Moon Secretary-General of the
Template:Flag
United Nations Headquarters[193]
David Cameron Prime Minister of the
Template:Flag
Chequers Court, Buckinghamshire[173]
Boris Johnson Mayor of London
Rob McKenna State attorney general of Washington International District, Seattle[194]
John Lewis Representative for Georgia's 5th congressional district YouTube video[195]
Mike Honda Representative for California's 15th congressional district YouTube video[196]
George Christensen Representative for the seat of Dawson (Australia) Mackay, Queensland[197]
Lim Swee Say Minister in Prime Minister's Office (Singapore) Promontory @ Marina Bay, Singapore[198]

Celebrities Edit

On August 16, 2012, Nelly Furtado performed the song at her concert in the Smart Araneta Coliseum in Manila, Philippines.[199] One of the main factors that has led to "Gangnam Style" receiving worldwide media attention is its popularity among notable celebrities. According to The Wall Street Journal, T-Pain was among the first to have "sent [the video] to the stratosphere" when he tweeted about it on July 29.[87] It was then picked up by Neetzan Zimmerman from the social blog Gawker, who asked "Did this underground Hip Hop artist from South Korea just release the Best Music Video of the Year?"[200] on July 30.

The English actor Peter Serafinowicz called it "one of the best music videos ever made".[201] while the German model Heidi Klum, who performed "Gangnam Style" at the 2012 MTV Europe Music Awards, revealed that her children have been obsessed with the song and that she has been holding "Gangnam dance parties" with them.[202][203]

Celebrity comments with more than 1,000 retweets
Name Quote Source Retweets Significance
Robbie Williams P.S. Try watching this and not smiling I dare you....(Not even a lip curl)[204][205] Personal blog N/A Earliest celebrity comment in late July. According to Emma Harrison from The Oxford Times, "Psy told the Oxford Union that it was Robbie Williams who uploaded it to his blog – which triggered a tweeting frenzy and the craze that took over the UK."
Justin Bieber Heyyyy sexy laaady[206] Twitter account 151,850 Mentioned by Allkpop,[207] Soompi[208] and Mnet Media[209]
T-Pain Words cannot even describe how amazing this video is.[86][210] Twitter account 2446 This tweet by T-Pain had "sent [the video] to the stratosphere" [87]
Josh Groban It's a Gangnam Style world, we're just living in it. Amazing video.[211][212] Twitter account 1102 Mentioned by The Korea Herald,[213] Seoul's official website,[214] a blog post published by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation,[215] and Billboard[216]
Katy Perry Help, I'm in a Gangnam Style K-hole[217][218] Twitter account 12,822 Katy Perry's tweet further increased the song's popularity in the United States[219]
Vanessa Hudgens I am so amazingly obsessed. GANGNAM STYLE! Yeahhhha[220][221] Personal blog N/A
Britney Spears I am LOVING this video – so fun! Thinking that I should possibly learn the choreography. Anybody wanna teach me?[222][223] Twitter account 4,573 Led to Psy's first appearance on
The Ellen Degeneres Show[224]
Tom Cruise Think @psy_oppa (Psy) would make a
good future co-star Gangnam Style?[225][226]
Twitter account 1,940 Possible future collaboration[227]
LMFAO Check out #PartyRock .... Gangnam Style![228][229] Twitter account 1,842 Mentioned by Hankook Ilbo[230]
Scooter Braun How did I not sign this guy!?[231][232] Twitter account 1,175 On September 4, 2012, it was confirmed that Psy was signed to Braun's Schoolboy Records.[233]
According to Jasmine Gardner from the London Evening Standard, this tweet also played a role in spreading the song's popularity among Western celebrities.[234]
James Corden I am so into Gangnam Style its insane![235] Twitter account 1,717
Darren Criss Could not be more proud of the human race that PSY's Gangnam Style is one of the biggest things in the world right now.[236] Twitter account 2,337
Hilary Duff You guys... Gangnam style? I just..... I can't ....[237] Twitter account 2,924
Ashley Benson A lil late to the party but, better late than ever right?!
I’m obsessed with this guy. I die. PSY -Gangnam Style[238]
Personal blog N/A

Others Edit

The Korea Tourism Organization has launched a "One day Gangnam tour" that begins with some "gangnam styling" at a beauty salon, shopping at the Apgujeong & Cheongdam boutiques, coffee and brunch, followed by the casino and clubbing.[239] Romeo Beckham, the son of the British footballer David Beckham, had danced "Gangnam Style" while watching a matching between the Los Angeles Galaxy and the San Jose Earthquakes, according to The Sun.[240] In Thailand, two local gangs provoked each other by dancing "Gangnam Style", eventually leading to a gun fight with more than 50 rounds fired.[241]

Zara Phillips, the granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II, performed "Gangnam Style" as part of the BBC's charity programme Children in Need.[242] During a presentation of the beauty pageant Miss Earth 2012, some of the contestants including Miss Philippines, Miss Czech Republic, Miss Brazil and Miss Panama danced "Gangnam Style".[243] The controversial Dutch artist TINKEBELL danced "Gangnam Style" to promote a newly released nude calendar.[244]

Rick Warren, an American evangelical Christian pastor and author of The Purpose Driven Life, is also known to be a fan of the song.[245] Template:Commons

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